Types of Couplings
Class: Couplings
Article Tags:Couplingcouplingsdiaphragm couplingsdisc couplingsgear couplingsgrid couplingsjaw couplingsmaterial flexing couplingsmechanical flexing couplingsroller chain couplingssleeve couplingstire couplingstypes of couplings
Coupling fall into two primary categories: Materials Flexing and Mechanical Flexing. The material versatile varieties get their versatility from stretching or compressing a resilient materials, for instance rubber, or from the flexing of thin metallic discs or grid. Material flexing couplings tend not to demand lubrication, together with the exception of grid couplings.

The mechanical flexing couplings accept misalignment from rocking, rolling or sliding of metal surfaces. All metal mechanical flexing couplings require lubrication.

Material Flexing Couplings
Materials flexing couplings commonly usually do not need lubrication and operate in shear or compression and therefore are able to accept angular, parallel and axial misalignment.

Examples of materials flexing couplings are jaw, sleeve, tire, disc, grid and diaphragm couplings.
– Jaw Couplings
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The jaw coupling is really a material flexing coupling that transmits torque thru compression of an elastomeric spider insert placed in between two intermeshing jaws.
Flex element is normally made of NBR, polyurethane, Hytrel or Bronze
Accommodates misalignment
Transmits torque
Utilized for torsional dampening (vibration)
Minimal torque, common objective applications
– Sleeve Coupling
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The sleeve coupling transmits very low to medium torque involving connected equipment in shear by way of an elastomeric insert with male splines that mate with female hub splines. The insert material is usually EPDM, Neoprene or Hytrel along with the insert can be quite a 1 or two piece design and style.
Moderate misalignment
Torsional dampening (vibration)
End float with slight axial clearance
Lower to medium torque, standard purpose applications
– Tire Coupling
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These couplings have a rubber or polyurethane element linked to two hubs. The rubber element transmits torque in shear.
Minimizes transmission of shock loads or vibration.
Higher misalignment capability
Effortless assembly w/o moving hubs or linked tools
Reasonable to substantial velocity operation
Wide array of torque capacity
– Disc Coupling
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The disc coupling?¡¥s principle of operation has the torque transmitted by way of flexing disc elements. It operates by tension and compression of chorded segments on the prevalent bolt circle bolted alternately in between the drive and driven side. These couplings are normally comprised of two hubs, two discs packs, and a center member. Just one disc pack can accommodate angular and axial misalignment. Two disc packs are essential to accommodate parallel misalignment.
? Makes it possible for angular parallel and axial misalignment
? Can be a real restricted end float design and style
? A zero backlash design
? Large speed rating and stability
– Diaphragm Coupling
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Diaphragm couplings utilize just one or a series of plates or diaphragms for that versatile members. It transmits torque from your outdoors diameter of the versatile plate to your inside diameter, throughout the spool or spacer piece, after which from inside to outside diameter. The deflection with the outer diameter relative to the inner diameter is what happens once the diaphragm is subject to misalignment. By way of example, axial displacement attempts stretch the diaphragm which final results inside a blend of elongations and bending with the diaphragm profile.
? Lets angular, parallel and large axial misalignments
? Utilized in substantial torque, higher velocity applications
Mechanical Flexing Couplings
The mechanical flexing couplings accept misalignment from rocking, rolling or sliding of metal surfaces. All metal mechanical flexing couplings require lubrication.
Examples of mechanical flexing couplings are gear, grid and roller chain couplings.
– Gear Couplings
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Gear couplings transmit the highest sum of torque plus the highest amount of torque within the smallest diameter of any flexible coupling.

Every single coupling includes two hubs with crowned external gear teeth. The hubs mesh with two internally splined flanged sleeves that are bolted with each other. Gear couplings accommodate angular and axial misalignment through the rocking and sliding of the crowned gear teeth against the mating sleeve teeth. Parallel misalignment is accommodated by possessing two adjacent hub/sleeve flex points. Gear couplings call for periodic lubrication based on the application. They are really delicate to lubrication failures but if adequately set up and maintained, these couplings possess a services existence of three to five many years and in some cases they might last for many years.
– Grid Couplings
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Grid couplings include 2 radially slotted hubs that mesh that has a serpentine strip of spring steel the grid presents torsional damping and flexibility of an elastomer but the power of steel. Grid couplings transmit torque and accommodate angular, parallel and axial misalignment from one hub on the other by way of the rocking and sliding of a tapered grid inside the mating hub slots. The grid cross segment is usually tapered for greater hub get hold of and much easier assembly. As there exists movement involving contacting hub and grid metal parts, lubrication is needed.
– Roller Chain Coupling
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Roller Chain type couplings include two radially sprocketed hubs that engage a strand of double pitch roller chain. Chain couplings are employed for reduced to reasonable torque and velocity applications. The meshing of the sprocket teeth and chain transmits torque along with the related clearances accommodate angular, parallel and axial misalignment.

Chain couplings need periodic lubrication based on the application. The lubrication is commonly brushed onto the chain as well as a cover is employed to help preserve the lubrication about the coupling.
To understand far more about all of the different types of couplings, visitthe EP Coupling Page.
Mechanical Power Transmission ¡§C Shaft Coupling replacement technological innovation.
Replaces Spicer, Lovejoy, Beam, Bellows and Jaw style shaft couplings
EP Coupling is the most current in shaft coupling style and design, beam, bellows and jaw couplings all do the job at high speed but reduced angle of misalignment.
Around the other finish universal joints can take care of greater amounts of misalignment but at lower speeds and continual maintenance.
EP Coupling as a hybrid flexible coupling can do each.
Improving on current coupling technological innovation we deliver several diverse versions which lets a 0 to 25?? operational angle of usage
No inner components ¡§C No bearings to get constantly lubricated and substitute , this saves you time and money.
1 Piece style signifies no broken yokes or hubs.
High speed- Runs at as much as 7000 RPM
Torsionally rigid at reduced angles of misalignment
Scalable ¡§C the EP unit might be scaled up or right down to suit person purchaser requirements.?
Customizable ¡§C Have a distinct form/function the spring/ball settings might be transformed to fit most applications.
Different shaft forms or sizes, we do AGMA/ANSI, SAE, & DIN bore/keyway and spline bore?¡¥s.
Being created from two counter wound springs implies it absorbs shock force without damage
Spring design and style will allow greater angle of usage without damaging parts?
ISO9001 2007 manufactured
The patented EP design and style permits for larger angle of usage without deformation using the torque transfer seen with Universal Joints, giving the performance of a Universal joint without the constant maintenance.
So how does it perform? The layout is quite simple, the sets of springs are counterwound so one tightens while the other loosens and visa versa.
This makes it possible for the coupling to function in each forward and reverse.
Its simplicity doesn?¡¥t end there, the only thing from the center from the coupling is usually a single ball bearing this lets the coupling to pivot allowing for maximum flexibility, this indicates no bearings.
Bearings are a consistent upkeep issue, they cannot run in harsh environments like water, mud, sand, dust and dirt as any intrusion by any of those components leads to rapid failure.
So no bearings signifies no consistent upkeep or worse replacement.
One piece design ¡§C As the product is just hubs and springs the things that can go wrong are greatly reduced, so no cracked yokes or broken propeller joints, no worn out bearings.
Torque ¡§C the bigger the superior The versatile coupling is powered by the springs, but because it can be a pair of springs it effectively is a metal bar, add the ball bearing it turns into a versatile metal bar.
So this means a lot more torque and still have the flex that would destroy a standard universal or consistent velocity joint.
Higher speed/low pace ¡§C Now flex coupling technologies is split into two major areas, substantial velocity, very low torque, small angle of misalignment and decrease velocity, higher torque, greater angle of misalignment.
Distinct couplings applications, same product ¡§C Flexible/High velocity couplings are Beam couplings, elastomeric, bellows couplings and jaw style couplings which can run at high pace maintain torsional rigidity but traditionally can only run at a few degrees of misalignment before starting to wear out.
Add to that because of that small misalignment angles , the amount of torque these flex couplings can take care of is quite small.
EP?¡¥s flexible coupling remains torsionally rigid at reduced angles at substantial speed, with far a lot more torque than say a standard beam coupling, with the added versatility if essential.
Reduced pace couplings like universal joints can get the job done at higher torque and larger degrees of misalignment but they have internal elements that need to be consistently maintained.
If not greasing for lubrication and bearing replacement along with the angles of misalignment they could get the job done at is restricted as well, as too much will lead to bearing failure.
Our flex coupling can meet the higher torque demands along with the increased flexibility while needing no servicing as you would have to with using universal joints.
One particular product multiple uses. Why would you use diverse products if you didnt need to when one particular product will do it all, a no servicing, large velocity, high torque, larger angle of misalignment capable versatile coupling.
Three models and counting ¡§C To date we have 3 models the czep150, czep300 and also the czep500
czep150 is capable of handling 150ft lbs of torque and be applied at 25??.
czep300 is capable of handling 300 ft lbs of static torque and operate at angles of 25??
czep500 can handle 500ft lbs of static torque .
We are looking at what the market demands so bigger or smaller we will be adding a lot more as time goes on.
We have all the splines and keyways you need to match your gear.
We want to operate with you, so get in touch with us and lets perform collectively to solve your versatile coupling issues today.
Viscous coupling is filled with silicone and is not computer controlled. A series of plates with holes and slots turn from the silicone fluid. Some plates are attached for the front axle driveshaft and some are attached to your rear axle driveshaft. Normally the plates turn at the same rate without relative motion. The silicone fluid becomes very viscous due to it’s viscoelasticity as soon as the plates rotate at differentiating velocity. The silicone fluid resists the shear generated in it by the plates with differentiating velocity, causing a torque transfer from the faster spinning axle towards the slower spinning axle. Therefore, slight speed difference is required for torque transfer.
If the rear wheels and driveshaft are slipping and turning faster than the front, friction amongst the plates increases due to your generated shear within the fluid, slippage is reduced, the rear wheel spin is reduced and also the torque in the input shaft is transferred on the front.
A viscous coupling might be installed in two ways:
viscous coupling acting instead of a center differential
Viscous Coupling Acting Instead Of the Center Differential
In this case, in normal conditions, all power is transferred to just 1 axle. 1 part from the viscous coupling is linked to your driving axle, another part is linked to your driven axle. When driving wheels slip, viscous coupling locks and torque is transferred to the other axle. This is an automatic all wheel drive system.
The disadvantage of the viscous coupling is that it engages too slowly and makes it possible for for excessive wheelspin before transferring torque to another wheels. This is especially critical in automatic all wheel drive systems – when cornering under acceleration, the rear finish is engaged using a slight delay, causing sudden change while in the car’s behaviour fron understeer to oversteer. Also, when taking-off in sand, front wheels can become bogged down before all wheel drive is engaged.
In an attempt to reduce the coupling’s activation time, czh always transfers 5% of torque to rear wheels (this is achieved by rear driveshaft rotating slower than front driveshaft in normal conditions, causing viscous fluid warm-up and slight solidification).
At the same time, pre-tensioning the coupling too much leads to undesireable transmission wind-up and makes the system too delicate to uneven tread wear on front and rear tires. This is why Volvo first reduced the pre-tensioning in 2000 then replaced the viscous coupling with epdex clutch on their all wheel drive vehicles in model year 2003
Viscous Coupling Integrated Into The Center Differential
In this case, all wheels are powered at all times. Viscous coupling is integrated into the center differential. Central differential distributes electrical power to all wheels and lets them turn at different speeds while cornering. When excessive wheelspin takes place on 1 on the axles, viscous coupling locks the differential and equalizes the speeds of each axles. Torque is transferred to wheels that have traction. This is really a full-time all wheel drive system.
Viscous coupling can also be integrated into the rear differential.
Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Clamping Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Designed to grip evenly around your shaft, these couplings offer additional holding electrical power than set screw couplings without marring the shaft.
Set Screw Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
Tighten the set screws to fasten these couplings to your shaft. Set screws bite into the shaft to hold the couplings in place.
Clamping Vibration-Damping
Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
Clamping Vibration-Damping Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Designed to grip evenly around your shaft, these couplings provide additional holding energy than set screw couplings without marring the shaft.
Set Screw Vibration-Damping
Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
Set Screw Vibration-Damping Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
Each and every hub includes a set screw, which bites into your shaft to hold the coupling in place.
High-Misalignment Vibration-Damping
Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
High-Misalignment Vibration-Damping Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Also called double-loop couplings, these possess a versatile center that lowers vibration and compensates for higher parallel and angular shaft misalignment.
Servomotor Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Able to take care of high twisting forces as well as misalignment, these couplings are good for high-performance servomotor applications.
High-Speed Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
By using a bellows between two hubs, these couplings manage all kinds of misalignment and are good for precision stepper and encoder motion-control applications.
High-Misalignment Precision
Versatile Shaft Couplings
High-Misalignment Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Specially designed ridges allow these bellows couplings to compensate for more misalignment than other precision couplings?auseful for low-torque, high-precision applications for example instrumentation and motion control.
Electrically Isolating Servomotor
Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
Electrically Isolating Servomotor Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
An acetal plastic spacer at the center of these couplings insulates bearings, encoders, and other shaft parts from stray electric current. Use them with servomotors, which sometimes generate current that travels down the shaft and can damage circuit boards, interfere with readings, and cause wear on bearing raceways.
High-Speed Servomotor Precision
Versatile Shaft Couplings
High-Speed Servomotor Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
Connect shafts and ball screws to high-speed servomotors and stepper motors?athese shaft couplings deal with four times more pace than standard servomotor couplings.
Versatile Shaft Couplings
Set Screw Versatile Shaft Couplings
Each and every hub includes a set screw (unless noted), which bites into your shaft to hold the coupling in place.
Clamping Flexible Shaft Couplings
Designed to grip evenly around your shaft, these couplings offer much more holding power than set screw couplings without marring the shaft.
High-Torque Set Screw Flexible Shaft Couplings
The thick split spider on these couplings can take on twice as much torque as standard spiders, extending the daily life of bearings, seals, and motors.
Clamping High-Parallel-Misalignment
Versatile Shaft Couplings
Clamping High-Parallel-Misalignment Flexible Shaft Couplings
Designed to grip evenly around your shaft, these couplings give extra holding electrical power than set screw couplings without marring the shaft.
Set Screw High-Parallel-Misalignment
Flexible Shaft Couplings
Set Screw High-Parallel-Misalignment Flexible Shaft Couplings
Every hub includes a set screw, which bites into your shaft to hold the coupling in place.
High-Angular-Misalignment Flexible Shaft Couplings
Also known as Schmidt couplings, these manage increased angular misalignment than other three-piece couplings. Good for applications with varying shaft misalignment, they’re normally employed with conveyor rollers and roller feeds in printing and packaging machines.
Machinable-Bore Flexible Shaft Couplings
Customize the bore of these flexible couplings to align uncommon shaft sizes as well as shafts that have become undersized from wear or oversized from coatings.
Shock-Absorbing Versatile Shaft Couplings
A strip of flexible spring steel wraps around the teeth of both hubs to absorb sharp, momentary load increases that can come from motor startups, emergency braking, or sudden impact with hard objects.
Metal-Detectable Flexible Shaft Couplings
Designed for use in food-processing applications, where a fraying spider could contaminate a batch, these couplings have a metal-detector-grade rubber spider. Small pieces of metal inside the rubber will set off a metal detector, alerting you towards the problem.
Cleaned and Bagged Versatile
Heat-Resistant Shaft Couplings
Cleaned and Bagged Versatile Heat-Resistant Shaft Couplings
Flexible Shaft Couplings for Continuous Motion
High-Speed Vibration-Damping
Versatile Shaft Couplings
High-Speed Vibration-Damping Versatile Shaft Couplings
Use these gear-shaped couplings for high-speed and high-torque applications.
Vibration-Damping Flexible Shaft Couplings
A versatile tire on these couplings safeguards components on your shafts by reducing vibration and shock.
High-Torque Versatile Shaft Couplings
With a rugged roller-chain design and style, these couplings provide excellent torque and angular misalignment capacities.
Ultra-High-Torque Flexible Shaft Couplings
Having a rigid gear design and style, these steel couplings transmit much more torque than other couplings with the same size.
Lightweight Flexible Shaft Couplings
Created with lightweight nylon sleeves, these gear couplings demand less energy to move than other high-torque versatile couplings. They compensate for parallel, angular, and axial misalignment.
Noncontact Magnetic Shaft Couplings
Magnetic force transfers torque from one particular half of these couplings to the other; there?¡¥s no make contact with amongst the components, so they won?¡¥t wear. Couplings compensate for angular and parallel misalignment.